Primary Key and Search Key Attributes
While primary keys are used to identify and address a specific unique object, search keys are used to query for a list of objects. If you want to query for a list using primary key fields, these fields also require setting the <<SearchKey>> stereotype.
Only attributes of primitive types can be marked as primary or search key.
Figure: A Persistent State Class
Attributes having stereotype PrimaryKey or SearchKey are represented with different icons in the containment tree of MagicDraw (see picture below).
Figure: Stereotyped Attributes of a Persistent State Class
Attributes that are not marked as primary key or search key contain persistent data.
Private Persistent Data
Builder 7.5.0 You can mark attributes of a persistent state class as private by applying stereotype <<E2EPrivate>>, but we do not recommend this.
Refer to Hiding Attributes From Interfaces for more information.
External Persistent Data
Runtime 2019.10 Builder 7.6.0 You can mark attributes of a persistent state class as external by applying stereotype <<External>>. This can speed-up persistent state performance if you have huge data objects (like e.g. big blobs, IDocs or PDFs) that are only used in few transitions.
External persistent data will be handled differently compared to the internal data as comes to the following:
- External persistent data will be stored separately.
By specifying a divergent alias in the Persistent State Components you can even store external data to a different database.
- External persistent data will only be loaded on demand.
getObjectCopy() will only load external persistent data if tag withExternals is set to true. In self context, you need to load external persistent data with a persistent state adapter action with action loadExternals.
- External persistent data will only be saved if loaded before.
Changed external persistent data will be saved at the end of a persistent state transaction, but you need to load them before. So the correct procedure is:
- Load external persistent data (even if they are empty).
- Apply changes.
- Saving will be done automatically at the end of the transaction.
Using external persistent state attributes, you need to respect the following:
- Stereotype <<External>> can only be applied to strings, blobs, arrays and classes.
- External attributes cannot be a primary or a search key, so do not mix stereotypes <<External>>, <<PrimaryKey>> and <<SearchKey>>.
Modifying Persistent State Classes
Be careful with modifying persistent state classes of a service already running on a Bridge. If you deploy the modified service, the service might refuse to start-up and throw an error:
Info: Loaded addon PState_AddOn successfully.
Fatal: Found persistent state objects of class "<name of the old class>" that does not exist in the repository anymore.
Fatal: Detected objects for which no metadata exist in the repository. Correct the problem either by restoring class definitions in the model or by deleting corresponding objects.
Fatal: Initializing service "PersistentStateService" failed
This can happen e.g. if you remove or change the name of the persistent state class but the persistent state database still contains objects of the old class. These objects become orphaned in this case.
You can fix this in two ways:
- Delete all old persistent state objects using the Bridge (see Deleting Persistent State Objects).
- Redeploy the old service and let it work all persistent state objects before deploying the new one.